Tuesday, 11 December 2012

The Sub Steps Of Video Making

Ive always been fascinated by the art of video making of how something that's so ordinary can be given life, by somebody's vision, of how someone gives it their own take.
here and now we've been learning the pre to post production steps and found my self a little confused and a little more curious, and did my own research. But we all know that there is no right or wrong way to approach something. But that came to the research, I found some help online and mixed it with my experience and divided it into steps

Create your story. Because most movies are essentially visual stories, the first step is coming up with an idea that you want to turn into a movie. You don't have to have every detail in place, but you should have a basic idea of the premise.
Think about the movies you like to watch, or the books you like to read, and consider what makes them so interesting. Is it the characters, the action, the visuals, or the theme.

Expand your idea. Once you've settled on a basic premise, start adding onto it. Think about the film in 4 sections.

Beginning, or Introduction (sometimes even a Prologue) where you introduce the characters, establish the mood, and set the stage. This is the exposition.

Middle, where the bulk of the movie takes place. Here you develop the leading character in a drama and the people who are friendly to him; the antagonist, and his friends—if any; and perhaps a love interest who could also be the protagonist or antagonist. Feel free to mix the roles and genders as much as you like. (Consider the roles in Kill Bill, for example.) The middle is also where the story is really told. Why are these people here, and what are they doing together? Where does it look like they are heading? What is the friction point that needs resolution? Because about 2/3 of the way through the movie, you’re going to reach...
The Climax. This is where the movie comes to a head. This is where the meteor hits the planet, or doesn’t; where the hero defeats the bad guy and lives—or dies—himself; and where the night watchman discovers how to get all the toys back in the box before the toy store opens. The romantically interested kiss, the bomb is defused, the crooked politician is found out, Mars gets an atmosphere, and Timmy is rescued from the well.
The Resolution, or Denouement. Now that the story has been told, and the climax reached, your movie needs to tie up the loose ends and send everybody home talking about what they just saw. This is where the scruffy anti-hero puts the girl on the plane and says, “We’ll always have Paris.” Timmy is scolded and then has his hair tousled and is lovingly taken home for fried chicken and dumplings; The toy store owner is clueless about last night’s mayhem...except he thinks he saw Beach Barbie wink at him (nah, couldn’t be); and of course, everybody’s favorite—the mysterious loner mounts his horse and rides off into the sunset...roll credits!

Storyboard your film. Storyboarding is drawing out sketches of what you want your filmed shots to look like.
It can be done on a macro scale, drawing only each major scene or transition.
It can also be done at the micro level, planning every shot and camera angle-even multiple angles per shot. (Think the signature opening scene in Matrix with Trinity.) This process makes a long film go more smoothly. You can try shooting without storyboarding, but it will not only help you visualize your movie, it will help you explain your vision to the director and cinematographer.
Develop an aesthetic for your film. Because movies are visual, it's a good idea to spend some time on the "look and feel" of the movie. Consider two films as an example: Matrix again, with its monochromatic, yellow-green tone throughout, which heightened the sense of being “digitized,” and A Scanner Darkly by Richard Linklater, which was rotoscoped and had a unique and memorable cartoon reality look to it. Here are some other areas to consider.
Shooting style: Do you want your film to feature smooth, expertly-edited shots, or a rough, handheld camera look? It’s all there to do.
Costume design: Films rely heavily on the costumes to communicate essential character traits to the viewer. You need think only of Men in Black.
Assemble a crew. Your crew will help you translate your vision into a film. These are a few positions to consider
Director: The director controls the creative aspect of the movie, and is a key liaison between the crew and the cast. If this is your movie and your story idea, and the budget is modest, the director is probably you.
Cinematographer, or Director of Photography (D.O.P.): This person is in charge of making sure the lighting and actual filming of the movie go smoothly, as well as deciding with the director how each shot should be framed, light, and shot. He or she manages the lighting and camera crews (or is the lighting and camera crew, on a smaller film).
Casting director: The casting director decides which actors are best suited for the film, as well as negotiating contracts and schedules.

Cast your film. People in your community might work for screen credits in low-budget films. Of course, it would be advantageous to have a well-known name starring in your movie.
Test the range of your actors. If you know that one of them will have to cry in a sad scene, make sure he or she can do it before you contract for the project.
Avoid scheduling conflicts. Make sure your actors can be available on-set when you need them.

Dress the sets, or scout a location. If you're going to shoot on-location, find the area you want and make sure it's available for filming. If you're working on a set, start building and "dressing" (or adding props) them.

If possible, using actual locations is easier. It's simpler to film in a diner than make a room look like one

Gather and test your equipment. At the very least, you'll need a video camera. You will probably also need a tripod — to mount the camera for steady shots — lighting equipment, and sound equipment

Film your movie. The decisions you make will result in the difference between a "home movie" or a professional looking movie.
Some people say to shoot multiple takes from multiple angles because it will be more interesting in the end. It will certainly give the editor something to think about!
As a very general rule, professional filmmakers shoot each scene in a wide shot, medium shot and close up of important elements.
Also, the type of shots they decide to take are determined by what feeling or emotion they are trying to convey. If you are under time pressure use more than one camera. Follow the 180 degree rule.
Edit your film. Take your footage to your computer, upload the files, then log them, identifying what shots work. Put together a rough cut using these shots. The way that you edit your film drastically affects the way the film ends up looking and feeling.
Making jump cuts will hold the viewer's interest and set the tone for an action movie, but long, lingering shots have a powerful impact as well, but done badly this can be very boring. Consider the beginning of The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.
You can also edit to music, which is a fast and effective way of editing; you can also edit to music on a quiet section of the film, by choosing music which provides the right mood.
Editing between various angles can quickly show multiple things going on in the same scene. Use your editing system's split or razor tool to create smaller clips from multiple shots, and then mix and match. You'll get the hang of it quickly, and with digital movie making, your mistakes are always saved by Undo
Add sound effects and music. Make sure that your music flows with what is going on during the movie at that second. Music gives the movie an emotional stance. It changes the audience's emotions which give them a more positive view on your film.
You can vary your music, to make the audience feel happy, sad, angry, scared, excited, etc.
Remember that if you are planning on distributing a film using found music can cause problems, so it is best if you can get music specially composed for the film; plus there are many skilled musicians out there who would love to get experience.
Create the title and credits sequences. You'll want to name your cast and crew at the end of the film. You can also include a list of "thank yous” to any organizations that were willing to let you shoot in their establishments. Most importantly keep it simple.
Make a teaser or trailer (optional). If you want to promote your film online or in other theaters, select pieces of it for a promotional trailer. Don't give away too much of the plot, but do try to catch the viewer's interest.

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